8. REFORMING THE BRONZE AGE

 

P R E L U D E

In British historian Michael Wood’s television series of civilization studies called LEGACY (Maryland Public Television, 1992), the part on Western Civilization was called THE BARBARIAN WEST. After describing and commenting on the most savage and slaughterous battle in history, the battle of Verdun during the ‘Great War’ (World War I), which raged from February to December 1916 and cost over a million men killed, wounded or missing, to no avail, Wood describes an annual ceremony commemorating the bloodbath:

It is a freezing February night in northern France. Former enemies, French and German, meet to commemorate the bloodiest battle in history which began on this night seventy-five years ago, Verdun.

…Under the flags of past battles the old familiar rituals of Christian sacrifice take place. Only a lifetime ago, three quarters of a million people died here for a couple of square miles of ground where the heirs to the culture of Voltaire were bled white by the heirs to the culture of Goethe and Beethoven. The pointlessness of it all passes belief today, but the history of the West more than any other has swung between savagery and idealism. A contradiction apparently deeply rooted in our character and history.

…And there the inescapable lesson of history is that for all the great achievements of the West, for all its humanistic values and egalitarian principles, its character is touched by a deep strain of violence, and that’s the paradox which confronts us as we look to the future of civilization at a time when all across the world, the values of the West are supposed to have triumphed.

The problem is that there is no contradiction, there is no paradox, but there is a fundamental dualism: in Western Civilization there exist side by side and intertwined both Modernity and Bronze Age Savagery — a stage of civilization we call Bronze Age Modernity. The ideological core of that savagery lies in our Abrahamic foundations: The savage Bronze Age literature of the Judaic Old Testament, from which it was passed on to the savage Bronze Age literature of the New Testament. As Wood said earlier in the program:

WE WESTERNERS OF THE LATE 20TH CENTURY — FOR ALL OUR MODERNITY — ARE STILL A BRONZE AGE PEOPLE.

In the Age of Catastrophic Terrorism, with Weapons of Mass Death, Disruption and Destruction, that cannot be allowed to continue.  There must be a new Reformation — a Reformation of the Bronze Age within which we remain enthralled. The essentials of that are provided at great length and depth in Chapters 13 RELIGIONISM, 14 MYTHOPOEISM, and 17 REFORMATION, in this writer’s work PRINCIPIA IDEOLOGICA: A Treatise On Combatting Human Malignance.  A few key elements of that plus some additions will be provided by this Page.

B L O O D

The Judaic Old Testament contains 307 mentions of ‘blood,’ and the Judaeo-Christian New Testament contains 94 such mentions, for a total of 401 mentions of ‘blood,’ all in the context of bloodshed.

In the chapter ‘The Wish for War’ in his book ENDS AND MEANS (1937) Aldous Huxley noted “Christianity…was able to justify the bloodthirsty tendencies of its adherents by an appeal to the savage Bronze-Age literature of the Old Testament.”

P A S C H A L I S M 

“Blood…Blood…Blood of the Lamb…Blood of God’s only begotten Son…Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ…Blood of the Lamb…”  So went the bloody Good Friday service at Saint Patrick’s Cathedral in New York City, an occasion commemorating the Crucifixion of Yeshua, the Hebrew Rabi, who with his eleven Jewish and one non-Jewish (Luke) disciples was forming a new sect within Judaism that would become Christianity. A bloody service commemorating a particular instance of a once widespread savage act among hominids on planet Earth:  the sacrifice of a live animal or human being to propitiate a god.  Since that Crucifixion the Blood of the Lamb, the Agnus Dei, has flowed evermore.

I knew when I walked out of that Mass and into the broad daylight of bustling Fifth Avenue, New York, about 30 years ago, that some day I would have to deal with that problem in addition to those I had been dealing with for so long: Marxism-Leninism, Shinto-Tanakaism, Fascism, and Naziism, in developing a new social science and philosophy to deal explicitly with malignant ideologies in societal, national and international affairs.

I had known that religionism had been a major force in oppressions and wars throughout history, especially in our times. In the 20th Century it had been a major component of Reichism II, the ideology of the Second Reich that led inexorably to World War I. Nazi ideology had been the major component of Reichism III, the ideology of the Third Reich, the Thousand Year Reich, the Thousand Camps Reich, that drove Wold War II, and in turn had been driven by Marin Luther’s fierce authoritarianism and virulent anti-Jewishism (racism and anti-Semitism hadn’t been invented yet). Islamic ideology drove and legitimated the Islamic ethnocide of Armenians at the turn of the century. Catholic ideology drove and legitimated Catholic-generated Rwandan ethnocide at the end of the century. In that century as well as those before it Christianity had been the consistent generator of hatred, oppression and war. But I dared not tackle that problem head on, for society would quickly crush me and all the valuaable work I had built up before it could be brought to fruition. The Christianist reactions would be worse than they had been for America’s revolutionary firebrand and ideological founding father, Thomas Paine.

But now Religionism is the problem — so hugely so that societies and nations are destined to be decimated and destroyed by it — unless something extraordinary is done to prevent that. Therefore, I am now duty-bound, obligated, to say what needs to be said in the ways it needs to be said, loud and clear. This is a message whose time has come. The times of pious platitudes and frauds have passed. The time has arrived for truth to flow.

In 1997, during the course of the six years of researching and writing Principia Ideologica as Guest Scholar at Princeton University, I spoke with Dr Bruce Manning Metzger, Professor Emeritus of Princeton Theological Seminary. Professor Metzger had been Chairman of the Standard Bible Translation Committee, which was affiliated with the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA, and which developed the New Revised Standard Version. During our conversation I remarked that in developing Principia Ideologica I had found it necessary to assume the burden of attacking the savagery of Western Civilization at what I perceived to its roots in the savage Bronze Age literature of the Judaeo-Christian mythology and ethos as expressed in the Bible, and asked if that would offend him. “Oh, no…no…not at all,” he replied.

Ironically, this essay, this Nuntius Orbi (Message to the World), is being written to the background music of a CD entitled Agnus Dei, a collection of Agnus Dei’s by Palestrina, Victoria, Byrd, J S Bach, Mozart, Fauré and others. The Agnus Dei, the acclamation addressed to Christ, the Lamb of God, forms part of the Catholic Mass and Requiem Mass, on which I was raised. Its words form a threefold acclamation of “Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi, Miserere nobis” — “Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world, have mercy upon us.” Musically it is the most beautiful part of the Mass, a service that has occasioned some of the greatest music ever created; for instance the Masses and Requiems by Bach, Beethoven and Mozart.

The saga of Agnus Dei is enormously instructive and contains essential cues for developing this Pacificus Enterprise for true Peace.

The saga begins in ancient Mesopotamia, especially in its region called Sumer, which gestated a variety of pagan myths and religions. Some of those migrated to the ancient Israelites in Canaan, who created their own pagan religions from them. Over much time the pagan Sumerian Israelite religions absorbed elements of other Bronze Age myths and evolved into a relatively coherent monotheistic religion among tribes in Judea which came to be called Judaism. It was a wholly man-made evolutionary pagan-based creation, and any semblance of divinity in its origins was provided by its own mythology, as documented by the cultural anthropology of those peoples, such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of Hebrew and Aramaic manuscripts discovered in pottery jars in caves near Qumran between 1947 and 1956. Archaeological investigations near Nazareth, Jesus’ boyhood home, have revealed that the area was a major cult center 8,000 years before the time of Jesus. Knowledge about the mythological pagan and cult origins and evolution of Judaism is generally suppressed because the divinity of Christianity depends on the divinity of its parent religion, Judaism.

Over centuries the Hebrew writings were edited and selected into a single volume that we call the Old Testament (OT). If we bear in mind the savage Bronze Age origins of those writings we should not be surprised at the savagery and paganism in the OT, such as the occurrence of the word ‘blood’ 307 times, always in the sense of bloodshed.

Most importantly, the fundamental savagery begins in Genesis, in the first 15 verses of Chapter 4. In that brief span at the very beginning of Western Civilization’s most holy, foundational text, the authors provide a prescription for bloodletting that was further developed in Genesis, in the rest of the Old Testament, in the New Testament, and in the Koran, and became the primary paradigm for two thousand years of slaughter.

In those 15 verses, the very first children in Biblical cosmology, the brothers Cain and Abel, sons, according to the myth, of the God-made first man and woman, Adam and Eve, undertook the savage pagan rite of making an offering to a God, now the God. Cain, a tiller of the ground, made a peaceful, bloodless offering of the fruit of the ground and his tilling. Abel, a keeper of sheep, made a blood offering: a slaughtered animal, in this case a sheep, a rite inherited friom the pagan Israelite religions out of which Judaism evolved. As typical among pagan traditions, God chose the blood offering, and had no respect for Cain’s offering. Cain became furious and slew Able, thus committing the first murder. God then put a mark on Cain to protect him. In addition to those Judaic precedents for the holy sanction of blood offering and murder, the fact that Abel offered from “the firstlings of his flock” set a further precedent of offering the slaughter of a lamb.

We skip over the other God-driven mayhem in Genesis to join popular bewilderment at Chapter 22, The Offering of Isaac. In this famous chapter, God said unto Abraham, “Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt-offering upon one of those mountains which I will tell thee of.” Abraham proceeded as instructed, until with knife in hand held over his bound son, an angel of the Lord came to him and called it off. Then Abraham beheld and caught a ram [male sheep], “and offered him up for a burnt-offering in the stead of his son.” In reward, the Lord blessed Abraham, and restated and confirmed the Abrahamic Covenant, “because thou hast obeyed my voice.”

Again the inherited pagan savage tradition of blood offering to propitiate a god that demands to be feared and obeyed is reaffirmed, and in so doing that the blood shall be that of a sheep is also reaffirmed — all at the very beginning of the religious fount of Western Civilization. In Jewish tradition it became customary to slaughter and eat lamb on the first day of Passover, the festival that commemorates the exodus of the Jews from Egypt. The Hebrew word for Passover is Pesach, which has the shorter variant Pasch, which has come to mean Easter as well as Passover. Hence, that first-day lamb is called the paschal lamb. It came to pass that the tradition of blood-offering a slaughtered lamb became combined with the Abraham-Isaac legend of blood-offering a son. The resultant combination became the requirement that God offer his one and only son Yeshua (his original Hebrew name, which translates to ‘Jesus’ in English) as a sacrifice to propitiate Himself for Mankind’s sinfulness. Furthermore, in keeping with Jewish tradition and Yeshua being Jewish, Yeshua became perceived as the Paschal Lamb. Hence, the Paschal Lamb has come to signify any of the symbolic representations of Jesus as a lamb, called in Christian terminology the Agnus Dei, ‘Lamb of God’ in Latin. For instance, “The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, ‘Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.'” [John, 1:29, New Testament]

Thus, in the foregoing Judaeo-Christian legend, it was essential and predetermined that Yeshua, claiming to be the Son of God, would be blood-sacrificed as an offering to God. Whoever performed the sacrifice would be performing the longstanding will of God. In historical reality it was a secular, governmental operation. Jewish authorities cooperated with the Romans because Yeshua was a threat to established Jewish authority and doctrine, while the Romans wanted Jesus because he was a dangerous rebel and leader of a movement that threatened Roman regional security, and therefore must be found and executed by their standard method of execution, crucifixion, whereas the Jewish method was stoning. But Christian mythology goes far beyond historical realities, and uses them to reify the sacrificial mythology that started in Genesis. Christianity is thus deeply and fundamentally rooted in the most bloody pagan savagery, carried out by Roman soldiers in accordance with Roman orders under Roman edict.

Worse yet, but inevitably, blood became the medium of redemption and remission of ‘sin’ among men themselves.

Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of bulls and goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: How much more shall be the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?…neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people, Saying, This is the book and testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood, and without the shedding of blood is no remission.Hebrews, Chapter 9, New Testament, with verse numbering omitted, format condensed, and emphasis supplied.

The extension of man-god bloodshed relations to man-man bloodshed relations we call paschalism.

C H R I S T I A N I T Y   A N D   A M E R I C A 

Christian applications of the foregoing savagery were formulated by the Church Fathers in the Fourth Century, especially by John Chrysostom (now ‘Saint’), directed especially against Judaism and its adherents. This was compounded in the 16th Century by the especially virulent diatribes against Judaism and Jews by Martin Luther. (See Shirer, William L. The Rise And Fall Of The Third Reich (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960), Chapter 4, “The Mind Of Hitler And The Roots Of The Third Reich.”)

We are all familiar with at least some of the consequent history of Christian persecutions and wars of the past one-and-a-half millennia, the Christian vs. Christian persecutions of the 18th Century having been a primary engine of the European emigration to the American colonies and of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, which sought to prevent such scourges in the new nation.

The present widespread claims among some Americans that ‘this is a Christian nation’ is patently false upon review of a few facts. For this nation’s character is writ and rooted in its roots, in its founding and foundational documents and subsequent reinforcing laws and judicial opinions — not in the happenstance plurality of citizen religiosity of the moment. Consider the following.

America’s Founding Fathers were ‘children of the Enlightenment,’ or Age of Reason, of the 17th and 18th Centuries, which produced the Scientific Revolution of Kepler, Galileo and Newton, among others, and was a reaction to the superstitions, doctrines, tyrannies and unreason of religion, especially Christianity. Among its philosophical and literary giants were Descartes, Locke, Hume, Gibbon, Kant, Goethe, Voltaire, Rousseau and Adam Smith. The movement was characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational doctrine. It emphasized scientific methods of reasoning, especially empiricism, that is, validation by evidence, from experiment or experience.

Scientific thought and method played a fundamental role in the drafting of the Declaration of Independence and Constitution. For, Jefferson, Franklin, Madison, Hamilton and others read the French and British Elightenment social thinkers, by whom they were profoundly influenced and from whom they drew and developed their political ideas. The Founders of the American Republic did not think that political principles could be established on interpretations of the Will of God — but thought, rather, that political principles are grounded, as is the natural order of the universe, in a discovered invariant order — rationally and empirically discovered over time.

The American Founders were predominantly non-sectarian Deists, with some Congregationalists and Unitarians. Nowhere in paintings of them or their historical scenes will you find a cross. Nowhere in the Founding Documents will you find assertions of or references to Jesus, Christ or Christianity. Dispite false attempts by ministers of his time to portray George Washington as a devout Christian, he never avowed any religion and nowhere in his thousands of pages of letters does the name Jesus Christ appear.

In consideration of the flood of refugees to the colonies from European fratricidal Christian oppressions and slaughters, the Founding Fathers made the first Bill of the Bill of Rights establish separation of church and state, and personal freedom of and from religion.

Further certification of the fully secular model and nature of this Republic is the Treaty of Tripoli between the United States and the Bey of Barbary to end the war with the Barbary pirates, signed by President John Adams in 1796. Its Article 11 states:

As the Government of the United States is not in any sense founded  on the Christian religion, as it has in itself no character or enmity against the laws, religion, or tranquillity, of Musselmen; and as said States never have entered into any war or act of hostility against any Mohametan nation, it is declared by the parties that no pretext arising from religious opinions shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries.

Many of America’s Founding Fathers were also Freemasons, a deeply philosophical non-sectarian brotherhood emphasizing disciplined right living and societal freedom. You have seen the Freemason logo, a square and compass with a capital letter ‘G’ in the middle. The ‘G’ stands for both God and Geometry — that is, Deism and Reason. On the back of a U.S. dollar bill you will see the two sides of the Seal of the United States. Both sides were designed by Freemasons and are wholly Masonic in their symbolisms.

There is, of course, much more, but that should suffice to prove the deliberately non-sectarian foundations and nature of the American Republic. The happenstance of popular religious affiliations at any time does not change that. If it should come to pass that a plurality of citizens have become Buddhist, the United States would not thereby become a Buddhist nation. It would remain as founded, as it does now.

Nevertheless, we remain, as does Western Civilization as described above earlier: A Bronze-Age people living in a state of Bronze-Age Modernity. Hence our violence in domestic and international affairs. So, we must return to that fundamental problem.

R E F O R M A T I O N:   S H O R T   C O U R S E

There are, broadly speaking, four primary Methods of treating the Bronze-Age Problem: 1. Desanctifying its religions; 2. Reforming its religions; 3. Reforming the Bronze-Age itself, i.e., treating the ethos, principles and behaviors that comprise the Age, without treating its religions; and 4. Combinations of those.

This section and the next apply Method 2. Method 1 consitutes Ending The Bronze Age.  Method 3 is neither definitive nor sufficient. Method 4 is indeterminate.

The Problem logically splits into Judaeo-Christian and Islamic Bronze Ages. Islam has been treated in Pages 7A/7B. Here we proceed to treat the Judaeo-Christian Bronze Age by Method 2.

The Short Method for doing that is to Nullify Paschalism. The foundations for that have already been provided in the section PASCHALISM, above, where the wholly secular origins, evolution and nature of that principle were demonstrated. That is, there is no legitimation, no validity, no divinity to paschalism, and therefore it provides no legitimation whatsoever for bloodshed and oppressesion among Mankind. Paschalism is Null and Void. All behaviors relying on or deriving from paschalism implicitly or explicitly thereby become simply criminal. This Paschalism Nullification should be affirmed from pulpits and via pamphlets, books and broadcasts throughout Western Civilization. The result will be pacification of the Judaeo-Christian Bronze Age.

R E F O R M A T I O N:   L A R G E R   C O U R S E

This comprises the Short Course plus the same treatment for the following tenets:

messianism, any messianic doctrine that includes a messiah, past, present or future, claiming, or for or from whom is claimed, some authority to call for or legitimate violence towards non-believers in that messiah or his cause.

apocalyptic millenarianism, any doctrine that claims to reveal or prophesy a coming violent battle between good and evil, usually just prior to or following the coming of a messiah, which will bring about destruction of the present order and establishment of a new order, the millennium, usually reversing the roles of oppressor and oppressed, where such doctrine claims to legitimate violence by its believers towards others. Also called apocalyptic millennialism.

bigotry, intolerance of any creed, belief or opinion that is different from one’s own, especially texts and oral traditions that establish and inculcate an ethos or ideology of intolerance.

Again, the foundations for Nullification of those doctrines have been provided in the section PASCHALISM, above, as set forth in the end of the Short Course, above. This more complete set of Nullifications should be affirmed from pulpits and via pamphlets, books, and broadcasts throughout Western Civilization. The result will be even more thorough pacification of the Judaeo-Christian Bronze Age.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

%d bloggers like this: